The Chaozhou people (generally called Teochew) are Chinese people, native to the Chaoshan area of eastern Guangdong province who talk the Teochew dialect. Now, most Teochew people live in Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Philippines, and Indonesia, particularly outside China in Southeast Asia. They are able to additionally be found virtually everywhere on the planet, including France, Australia and North America.
Chinese Teochew dialect is spoken by the Teochew; Teochew cuisine is also identifying. The ancestors of the Teochew people moved to present day Chaoshan from the Central Plains of China in order to escape from a chain of civil wars during the Jin Dynasty.
Historically, these individuals were called Helao or Fulao (Hoklo), as they came mainly from Henan and Shanxi via Fujian, with nicely-preserved language and customs from northcentral China. As was recorded in pedigrees and historical inscriptions, these individuals who’d initially migrated to southern Fujian, particularly from Quanzhou and Putian, made settlements toward Chaoshan in mountains and soon spread throughout the Chaoshan region.
Geographical isolation and difficulty in traveling in the past made Fulao or the Helao become a comparatively closed people. Lately, studies of genetic evaluation supported that although all Han Chinese share a common origin and are really connected, the Teochew had closest connections with the Minnan region of Fujian province and those from the Taihang Mountain variety of north central China.
The Teochew people are understood to Cantonese speakers as “Hoklo”, literally meaning “men of Fujian”, although the term “Teochew” was used in the Strait Settlements in the 19th century and early 20th century. “Teochew” is derived from Teochew prefecture (Chaozhou Fu) the departmental city where they originate